The building compound

The Mill Tower and the Veprech Tower are located on the Northern side of the old Lower Castle of Esztergom, and make up the best preserved group of historical buildings in this section of the castle.
Though the Museum takes its current name from the Ottoman era Djami, in addition to the Djami there are a number of other attractions built in the same era or before, with a history that spans some 800 years.
Who wouldn’t want to march along the former watch-posts of the soldiers of the border stronghold? The Mill Tower was a point of key significance of the fort-wall connecting Water Town and the castle on Castle Hill. This was not the only place where the city wall connecting to the mountain in a half-circle from the side facing the Danube turned upwards towards Castle Hill, but this was also from where the drinking water was transported up the mountain.


The way the water reached the mountain was not ordinary either, the renaissance water machine was a source of amazement as it carried water up to a height of 63 meters from the Danube for 210 years. The machine was acquired by one of the most renowned Archbishops of Esztergom, Archbishop János Vitéz.


It was in defence of this water pump and against the Ottoman conquests that the Mill Tower – which is open to visitors today – was erected and ultimately taken by Sultan Suleiman in 1543. Actually, the tower was only completed just a few months before the arrival of the Turks. It is so easy to protect the Mill Tower that the armies were only able to break into the fortress from the Southern Part of Water Town, never again from here. The shipping traffic on the Danube can still be observed through the remaining embrasures.


If you want to jump back further in time, the remnants of the Veprech Tower standing in the middle of the Mill Tower are a good starting point. The Veprech Tower was almost certainly already standing in the time of King Béla IV, the Second Founder of the State, as it was mentioned by name as an important object in a deed issued by the king. The Tower was most probably built on the ruins of a building that dated back to Roman Empire and the former thermal spring is still there, which was later used to operate the astounding water pump machine.


Those who wish to see places not linked to the carnage of age-old wars, can also find plenty to see. The Rose Garden, on the opposite side of the Djami Tower, can be accessed through the walkway as well as the mediaeval road. One must only think of the famous Gül Baba, also known as the “Father of Roses”, to understand how important roses and gardens are in Turkish culture. Besides the fragrant and colourful flowers, visitors can also learn about another Turkish favourite, the Pomegranate, and relax by the Ottoman-style water fountain. Visitors can also follow the remnants of the Main Street of the medieval Water Town right to the Djami Café.

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Rosenberg Hungária
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